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Securıty Concerns of Turkey-Cold War and Post-Cold War Periods

Since the establishment of modern Turkish Republic, by a distinguished soldier and leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, in 1923, following a four-year War of Independence (1918-1922) against the occupation forces of the victors of the World War I, until now, Turkish security policy has been shaped according to the security concerns which have changed parallel to the new risks and threats in the new security environment. In Turkey, as in all parliamentary political systems, the government is the highest authority that decides on security policy. The National Security Council, established 9.11.1983 dated and 2945 numbered law, is the key organ (mandated by the mentioned constitution) to deliberate and make recommendations to the government on the precautions to be taken regarding the existence, independence, unity of the state, the well-being and the security of the society. As Çevik Bir, former deputy chief of Turkish General Staff, noted Turkish Security Council coordinates the nation’s security policy toward outside threats. The Turkish Security Council is chaired by the President and includes the Prime Minister, the Chief of the General Staff, the Ministers of National Defense, Interior, and Foreign Affairs, and the commanders of the three armed services and of the Gendarmerie.

KONA, Gamze (2004). “Security Concerns of Turkey – Cold War and Post Cold War Periods”, pp. 207-254, in Turkish Rewiev of Eurasian Studies, Annual 2004-4, İstanbul.

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